Effects of Surgical Intervention on Parent Reported Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Craniofacial Conditions
Perrin, Lauren Kacey
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BACKGROUND: This study compared parent-reported quality of life pre- and post-surgery in children with craniofacial conditions. Many psychosocial difficulties associated with craniofacial conditions have been identified in the literature; however, research has not yet looked specifically at parent reports of patients’ quality of life and psychosocial functioning before and after surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine changes in parent-reported quality of life over time in relation to surgical intervention in children and adolescents with craniofacial conditions. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients seen in a multidisciplinary craniofacial team clinic. Data were examined for two time points: initial visit and follow-up visit to team clinic. Participants included in the chart review were patients seen twice by psychology in team clinic between March 2011 and August 2014, with PedsQL™ ratings from parents at both time points. Patients ages 0 to 23 years were eligible for inclusion in the sample. Data collected from patient charts included demographic information, medical and surgical history, and scores from the PedsQL™ TM 4.0 Generic Core Scales. RESULTS: Parenting stress reported at follow-up had a significant relationship with parent reported quality of life reported at follow-up for this sample; however, surgery was not a significant predictor of outcome quality of life. DISCUSSION: Current parenting stress and initial reports of quality of life may be important variables for clinicians to consider when working with the craniofacial population. Surgery should be investigated further in terms of its impact on quality of life in relation to other psychosocial variables.