Aspirin Use Is Associated with Improved Outcomes in Inflammatory Breast Cancer Patients




Johns, Christopher Lee

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PURPOSE: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is the most aggressive form of breast cancer and has a high propensity for distant metastases. Our previous data suggested that aspirin (ASA) use may be associated with reduced risk of distant metastases in aggressive BC; however, there are no reported studies on the potential benefit of ASA use in patients with IBC. METHODS: Data from patients with non-metastatic IBC treated between 2000-2017 at two institutions, were reviewed. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were performed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify significant associated factors. RESULTS: Of 59 patients meeting the criteria for analysis and available for review, 14 ASA users were identified. ASA users demonstrated increased OS (p=.03) and DMFS (p=.02), with 5-year OS and DMFS of 92% (p=.01) and 85% (p=.01) compared to 51% and 43%, respectively, for non-aspirin users. In univariate analysis, pT stage, pN stage, and aspirin use were significantly correlated (p < .05) with OS and DFS. On multivariable analysis, ASA use (HR=.11, CI 0.01- 0.8) and lymph node stage (HR=5.9, CI 1.4-25.9) remained significant for OS and DFS (aspirin use (HR =0.13, CI 0.03-0.56) and lymph node stage (HR=5.6, CI 1.9-16.4). CONCLUSION: ASA use during remission was associated with significantly improved OS and DMFS in patients with IBC. These results suggest that ASA may provide survival benefits to patients with IBC. Prospective clinical trials of ASA use in patients with high-risk IBC in remission should be considered.

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