Downregulation of the Cytosolic Iron-Sulfur Assembly Pathway in Cancer by an E3 Ubiquitin Ligase

dc.contributor.advisorTu, Benjaminen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPotts, Patrick Ryanen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMinna, John D.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLiu, Yien
dc.creatorWeon, Jenny Lindaen
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-4815-6659 2019
dc.description.abstractIron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters are considered to be one of the oldest cofactors utilized by proteins and are essential for life from bacteria to mammals. Multiple processes in the cell require Fe-S cofactors, such as electron transfer in mitochondrial respiration, enzymatic reactions, and as structural components in DNA repair enzymes. We describe here the first post-translational mechanism to regulate Fe-S assembly and delivery through the ubiquitination and degradation of a key cytosolic iron-sulfur cluster assembly (CIA) pathway component by a MAGE-RING ligase (MRL). The MAGE protein family consists of ~40 members in humans that function in complex with E3 ubiquitin ligases to enhance ubiquitination activity, alter E3 subcellular localization, and/or specify E3 targets. Using biochemical and cellular approaches we have discovered that the MAGE-F1-NSE1 ligase disrupts Fe-S cluster delivery through ubiquitination and degradation of the CIA pathway protein MMS19. MMS19 is a substrate specifying, late-acting component of the CIA pathway that facilitates Fe-S transfer from the multi-component cascade of assembly proteins to specific recipient apoproteins. Notably, many MMS19 targets are enzymes involved in DNA repair. We found that MAGE-F1 directs the E3 ligase NSE1 to target MMS19 for ubiquitination and degradation. Knockdown of MAGE-F1 stabilized MMS19 and overexpression of MAGE-F1 decreased MMS19 levels without affecting MMS19 mRNA levels. We further confirmed MAGE-F1 inhibits Fe-S incorporation into known MMS19-dependent Fe-S proteins, such as FANCJ, POLD1, RTEL1, XPD, and DPYD, but not MMS19-independent Fe-S proteins, such as PPAT. Loss of Fe-S incorporation leads to decreased DNA repair capacity of cells, exemplified by decreased homologous recombination rates and altered sensitivity to DNA damaging agents. Importantly, numerous cancer types harbor copy-number amplification of MAGE-F1, including lung squamous carcinoma and head and neck squamous carcinoma. Consistent with MAGE-F1 inhibitory activity on Fe-S incorporation into key DNA repair enzymes, MAGE-F1-amplified tumors bear a significantly greater mutational burden than non-MAGE-F1-amplified cancers and the expression of MAGE-F1-NSE1 correlates with poor patient prognosis. In summary, we provide the first evidence for post-translational regulatory control of Fe-S cluster assembly and a novel mechanism by which a broad spectrum of DNA repair enzymes can be regulated and lead to genomic instability in cancer.en
dc.subjectCarrier Proteinsen
dc.subjectDNA Repairen
dc.subjectMicrotubule-Associated Proteinsen
dc.subjectNeoplasm Proteinsen
dc.subjectTranscription Factorsen
dc.titleDownregulation of the Cytosolic Iron-Sulfur Assembly Pathway in Cancer by an E3 Ubiquitin Ligaseen
dc.type.materialtexten School of Biomedical Sciencesen Biologyen Southwestern Medical Centeren of Philosophyen


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