Central Hemodynamic Monitoring of Train Drivers in Western Russia



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BACKGROUND: Train drivers are exposed to work-related stressors which contribute to higher rates of cardiovascular disease. No studies have characterized precursors of this effect in Western Russia. AIM: This project aims to identify early disturbances and trends in central hemodynamic parameters among young locomotive driver assistants in order to elucidate patterns of decompensation. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of hemodynamic parameters among train conductors in the Moscow region of the Russian Federation from December 2003 to September 2004. Subjects underwent regular hemodynamic monitoring within this period before every train departure. Automated oscillometric methods were used to obtain resting measurements of blood pressure, cardiac output, pulse wave velocity, and systemic vascular resistance with the device "KAP CG osm – 'Globus'". Men with pre-existing hypertension were excluded. RESULTS: The sample was comprised of 168 individuals and 8674 unique measurements; the mean age was 26.2 ± 4.6 years with an average of 52 ± 17 measurements per person over 33.8 ± 8.9 weeks. The average values for each hemodynamic parameter were within normal limits. Across all measurements, heart rate showed the greatest time-independent variation while systolic blood pressure showed the least; coefficients of variation (σ/x̄) were 10.6% and 6.8% respectively. Hypertensive episodes were observed in 36.3% of participants. Strong, positive correlations were observed between diastolic blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.72, p < 0.001), systolic blood pressure and cardiac output (r = 0.71, p < 0.001) respectively. Older subjects tended to have higher diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.51, p < 0.001). Over time, systemic vascular resistance showed the greatest variance with an average upward trend when data were fit to a linear regression model. Increasing systemic vascular resistance over time was positively correlated with decreasing systolic blood pressure and increasing diastolic blood pressure. DISCUSSION: Persistent changes in central hemodynamics can precede the development of clinical arterial hypertension. The results of this study suggest that implementation of early monitoring and prophylactic measures may be beneficial for high-risk individuals.

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The 58th Annual Medical Student Research Forum at UT Southwestern Medical Center (Tuesday, January 21, 2020, 3-6 p.m., D1.600)

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Duncan, S. G., Chang, M. P., Orlov, S. A., & Gorenkov, Roman V. (2020, January 21). Central hemodynamic monitoring of train drivers in Western Russia. Poster session presented at the 58th Annual Medical Students Research Forum, Dallas, TX. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/2152.5/8262

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